One of the birthstones of December is zircon, a stone that comes in many colors but is most well known for its beautiful light blue color. Zircon has been known since the Middle Ages, with the oldest stones being over 4 billion years old. The origin of the name is not a hundred percent certain, however it is speculated to come from the Persian word “zargun”, meaning golden-colored.
Zircon is a mineral that belongs to the group of nesosilicates. In its purest form zircon is colorless, however it takes on different colors due to impurities or certain gemstone treatments. For example in Southeast Asia most zircons are brown but are made colorless or blue by being heat treated. The colorless zircons resemble diamonds, and are often used as a more affordable option. The stones have a hardness of 6.5 – 7.5 on the Mohs scale of hardness, making it a strong yet brittle stone. Most zircons have a brilliant or an emerald cut to bring out their fire and brilliance, however since it is so brittle and sensitive to knocks and pressure, it should be handled with a lot of care. Zircon is a very dense stone, making it look smaller compared to stones with a similar weight. They can be found all over the world, in places such as Australia, Brazil, Cambodia, Korea, Thailand and Vietnam.
Zircon is a stone of purity and innocence. It has been said to help balance emotions and and bring good luck. Zircon is also believed to have healing powers that can help you sleep and bring property and wisdom as well as help with varicose veins and blisters.
Photo Credit: Flickr.com – tdr.ulrich